Difference between revisions of "INSPIRE"

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[http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ INSPIRE] is a European-based approach at solving interoperability issues for geospatial data. ''Join the [http://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/inspire-data INSPIRE Mailing list].''
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''Join the [http://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/inspire-data INSPIRE Mailing list].''
  
 
== Introduction ==
 
== Introduction ==
  
INSPIRE (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe) is an initiative launched by the European Commission and developed in collaboration with EU Member States and accession countries. It aims at making available relevant, harmonized and qualitative geographic information to support formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Community policies with a territorial dimension or impact. INSPIRE intends to trigger the creation of a European spatial data infrastructure (SDI) that delivers to the users integrated spatial information services linked by common standards and protocols.
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[http://inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ INSPIRE] (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe) is an initiative launched by the European Commission and developed in collaboration with the EU Member States and accession countries. It aims at making available relevant, harmonized and qualitative geographic information in the domain of environmental applications to support formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Community policies with a territorial dimension or impact. INSPIRE intends to trigger the creation of a European spatial data infrastructure (SDI) that delivers to the users integrated spatial information services linked to common standards and protocols.
The Directive came into force on 15 May 2007 and will be implemented in various stages, with full implementation required by 2021.
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The [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32007L0002 INSPIRE Directive] came into force on 15 May 2007 and will be implemented in [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/inspire-roadmap/61 various stages], with full implementation required by 2021.
  
''The [http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/) INSPIRE geoportal] provides the means to search for spatial data sets and spatial data services, and subject to access restrictions, to view spatial data sets from the EU Member States within the framework of the INSPIRE Directive.<ref>http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/</ref>''
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The [http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/) INSPIRE geoportal] provides the means to search for spatial data sets and spatial data services, and subject to access restrictions, to view spatial data sets from the EU Member States within the framework of the INSPIRE Directive.<ref>http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/</ref>
 
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=== The INSPIRE Components ===
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There are five major components:
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# Metadata. Well, we know that [http://www.slideshare.net/arnulfchristl/the-potential-of-metadata-geoweb-2010 Metadata is data] and so on. Intriguing topic. The current interpretation of INSPIRE clobbered metadata long enough with ISO profiles to almost kill it.
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# Network Services. Performance, uptime, bindings, etc. & still under work.
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#* Discovery Services. Probably something like Catalog Services but it is as yet unclear why they should: ...making it possible to search for spatial data sets and services on the basis of the content of the corresponding metadata and to display the content of the metadata
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#* View Services.  Straight forward: Digital maps served through WMS 1.3 / ISO 19128. ...making it possible, as a minimum, to display, navigate, zoom in/out, pan, or overlay viewable spatial data sets and to display legend information and any relevant content of metadata;
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#* Download Services. Straight forward: Digital data served through WFS 2.0 / ISO 19142) -> see [http://inspire-forum.jrc.ec.europa.eu/mod/groups/topicposts.php?topic=3309&group_guid=2484 this discussion] ...enabling copies of spatial data sets, or parts of such sets, to be downloaded and, where practicable, accessed directly;
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#* Transformation Services. Rubbish. The original idea was that a web service would be able to transform existing data by mamber staed on-the-fly for further processing. This is usually done offline in the basement on number crunchers. ...enabling spatial data sets to be transformed with a view to achieving interoperability
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#* Services ... allowing spatial data services to be invoked. (I never really got this one?)
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# Data and Service Sharing. Licenses, copyright, all the fun stuff that prevents us from using data in our software.
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# Data Specification. The tricky bit is the harmonization of data that is need prior to setting up the actual service. This currently requires lots of transformations with GML 3.2.1 (and not enough software packages supporting 3.2.1 does not help either)
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# Reporting and Monitoring. This is more domain specfic to EU public administrations. Not clear yet whether any software will be involved in this. But the monitoring services will be of help to control things.
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=== Scope ===
 
=== Scope ===
Datasets in scope of INSPIRE are ones which come under one or more of INSPIRE theme.<ref>http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/data-specifications/2892</ref>
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Datasets in scope of INSPIRE are ones which come under one or more of INSPIRE themes.<ref>http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/data-specifications/2892</ref>
The INSPIRE Directive defines 34 spatial data themes needed for environmental applications, grouped in 3 Annexes. The themes and links to more information are listed on [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/Themes/Data-Specifications/2892 the INSPIRE website]
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The INSPIRE Directive defines 34 spatial data themes needed for environmental applications, grouped in 3 Annexes.  
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The themes and links to more information are listed on [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/Themes/Data-Specifications/2892 the INSPIRE website]
  
== OSGeo's involvement ==
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=== The INSPIRE Components ===
There is no coordinated effort at involving OSGeo as an organization in the INSPIRE initiative but many OSGeo projects are already tied into processes and the emerging INSPIRE architecture. A formal meeting of OSGeo representatives with people (from JRC) involved in INSPIRE was planned for the end of 2008 but never happened. In 2010, JRC and OSGeo joined forces to make an [http://inspire-forum.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pg/groups/13847/ Open Source Mash-up at the INSPIRE conference] possible.
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According to the INSPIRE Directive, View and Download services should be set up for the data which is within scope and metadata should be provided. Furthermore, data needs to comply with the INSPIRE data schemes and monitoring, testing and validation of the data, metadata and services should be executed.
  
== FIT/GAP analysis ==
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There are thus five INSPIRE major components:
How good does Open Source GIS software fit into the INSPIRE picture? Can it be used as a software stack to build INSPIRE SDI's? It would be interesting to make a fit/gap analysis between what the INSPIRE standards require and what the OSGeo stack provides. Also, a plan could be made up to fill in the gaps (in time). The reasoning behind this is that the regular customers will not be able to make this analysis by themselves, so it would be good to have something written up.
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# [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/network-services/41 Network Services].
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#* View Services.  Digital maps served through WMS 1.3 / ISO 19128. This makes it possible, as a minimum, to display, navigate, zoom in/out, pan, or overlay viewable spatial data sets and to display legend information;
 +
#* Download Services. Digital data served through WFS 2.0 / ISO 19142 or download packages This enables copies of spatial data sets, or parts of such sets, to be downloaded and, where practicable, accessed directly;
 +
#* Discovery Services. Catalog Services making it possible to search for spatial data sets and services on the basis of the content of the corresponding metadata and to display the content of the metadata
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#* Transformation Services.
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# [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/metadata/6541 Metadata].
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# [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/data-specifications/2892 Data Specification]. The harmonization of data that is needed to enable cross-country data sharing.
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# [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/monitoring-and-reporting/69 Reporting and Monitoring].
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# [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/data-and-service-sharing/62 Data and Service Sharing]. Licenses, copyright, all the fun stuff that prevents us from using data in our software.
  
Who is interested in collaborating in such a fit/gap analysis?
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A complete set of INSPIRE tools and resources is available in the [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/inspire-tools INSPIRE Toolkit section].
* Bart van den Eijnden
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* Dirk Frigne
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* [[User:JoWalsh|Jo Walsh]]
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* [[Arnulf Christl]]
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* [[Rafal Wawer]]
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* Thomas Piechl
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* [[User:simboss|Simone Giannecchini]]
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* [[Wolfgang Tinkl]]
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* [[Just van den Broecke]]
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* [[User:Ticheler|Jeroen Ticheler]]
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* [[User:Tom McHugh|Tom McHugh]]
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* [[User:Jachym|Jachym Cepicky]]
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 +
== OSGeo's involvement ==
 +
Many OSGeo projects are already tied into processes and the emerging INSPIRE architecture.
 +
A formal meeting of OSGeo representatives with people (from JRC) involved in INSPIRE was planned for the end of 2008 but never happened. In 2010, JRC and OSGeo joined forces to make an [http://inspire-forum.jrc.ec.europa.eu/pg/groups/13847/ Open Source Mash-up at the INSPIRE conference] possible.
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During FOSS4G conferences in 2016 and 2017 topic talks were co-organized by JRC to involve the join together the INSPIRE an OSGeo communities ([[2016 Topic Talk - become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo|Topic Talk 'Become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo (FOSS4G 2016)]], [https://europe.foss4g.org/2017/Topic_Talks Topic Talk - OSGeo-Live for INSPIRE (FOSS4G 2017]))
  
=== What is already available? ===
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== What is available and what is missing? ==
For a more detailed list of INSPIRE Open Source tools, reference is made to the [[INSPIRE tools inventory|INSPIRE tools inventory wiki page]].
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How good does Open Source GIS software fit into the INSPIRE picture? Can it be used as a software stack to build INSPIRE SDI's?
  
* View services ([[MapServer]], [[deegree]], [[MapGuide]], [[Mapbender]], [[OpenLayers]], [[GeoServer]], others)
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The current OSGeo-Live applications include Open Source software that is needed to implement the different INSPIRE components. In this regard, providing an INSPIRE-flavoured version of the OSGeo-Live environment could be useful to provide European data providers with some of the technological means to help them meet INSPIRE’s legal obligations. This way, both the open source and INSPIRE communities may reinforce each other. As a starting point, the [[INSPIRE tools inventory|INSPIRE tools inventory wiki page]] gives an overview of the available OSGeo-Live applications useful in the realm of INSPIRE, is given. The tools are grouped according to the [https://inspire-reference.jrc.ec.europa.eu/vocabulary/tasks INSPIRE-related tasks] they support. Furthermore, the applications currently missing to meet the INSPIRE obligations and the on-going projects are also mentioned on the[[INSPIRE tools inventory|INSPIRE tools inventory page]].
* Download services ([[deegree]], [[GeoServer]], [[MapServer]], others)
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* Discovery services ([[GeoNetwork]], [[Mapbender]], [[deegree]], [http://pycsw.org pycsw], others)
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* Transformation services (usually as part of the functionality provided by above software, [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ Proj4], [[MetaCRS]], [[GeoServer]], others)
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* [http://wiki.deegree.org/deegreeWiki/InspireNode deegree inspireNode]: deegree 3 View Service / Download Service setup for all INSPIRE Annex I Data Themes
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* [http://inspire.kademo.nl/deegree-inspire-demo INSPIRE Publish/Download/View services demo] using [[deegree]], [http://geoext.org GeoExt] and [[OpenStreetMap]]; source code at http://code.google.com/p/inspire-foss
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JRC is also providing INSPIRE tools to implementers and users:
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Everybody who wants to contribute to this or wants to collaborate on creating an INSPIRE-flavoured OSGeoLive environment is invited to join the [http://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/inspire-data INSPIRE Mailing list] and keep the [[INSPIRE tools inventory|INSPIRE tools inventory wiki page]] updated.
* Discovery/Viewer by JRC: http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/discovery/
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* Metadata editor by JRC: http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/editor/
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* Metadata Validator by JRC: http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/validator2/
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=== What is still missing? ===
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From the data providers' perspective, the [[INSPIRE data experiments|INSPIRE data experiments wiki page]] will describe example use cases that demonstrate the creation of INSPIRE compliant data through OSGeo software.
For a more detailed list of missing functionalities, in the realm of INSPIRE, in existing Open Source tools, reference is made to the [[INSPIRE tools inventory|INSPIRE tools inventory wiki page]].
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* Comprehensive tutorial / how to / white paper on security of SDIs.
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== Background information ==
* An INSPIRE-flavoured version of the OSGeoLive environment would be beneficial for them who are confronted with INSPIRE and could also be used to promote OSGeo.
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=== Presentations and conferences ===
* To illustrate the use of Open Source software packages in the context of INSPIRE implementations and usage, it would be helpful to provide an INSPIRE sample dataset. See [[INSPIRE data experiments]] for concrete actions on this.
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* [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/pr_searchx.cfm INSPIRE Conference Search Tool], allows you to search past INSPIRE conference presentations (introduce the word OSGEO to get some related presentations)
* Some stuff emerging now through [http://www.esdin.eu ESDIN] deliverables. Find more information on the requirements in the [http://esdin.fgi.fi/wiki/index.php/ESDIN_Service_Requirements ESDIN Wiki].
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* Next INSPIRE Conference: [http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/conference2017 INSPIRE Conference 2017]
* CSW INSPIRE extensions in GeoServer
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* [[2016 Topic Talk - become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo|Topic Talk 'Become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo (FOSS4G 2016)]]
 
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=== What is in progress? ===
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* INSPIRE Geoportal will use deegree: http://osgeo-org.1560.n6.nabble.com/deegree-in-INSPIRE-Geoportal-td4164496.html
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* NAS data converter for the German cadastral base map
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* transformation and WFS/WMS for INSPIRE by the Dutch Cadastre: http://inspire.kademo.nl ; source code and documentation at http://code.google.com/p/inspire-foss
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* http://tinyows.org/ and access to GML 3.2.1 through PostGIS (V 1.5)
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* [http://www.esdin.eu ESDIN]; The Europen SDI Network, an eContent+ funded project of major European NMCAs
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** OpenLayers learned about GML 3.2.1 (contact Steven Ottens for more information)
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** lots of GeoServer and deegree instances serving WFS as INSPIRE Download Services
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** lots of MapServers and GeoServer serving WMS form the same data as INSPIRE View Services
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== Presentations ==
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* [[AGIT 2009]] (Germlish) Workshop: [INSPIRE: Umsetzung mit Open Source Software] (version 0.2)
 
* [[AGIT 2009]] (Germlish) Workshop: [INSPIRE: Umsetzung mit Open Source Software] (version 0.2)
 
* [[FOSSGIS 2009]] (German) [http://www.fossgis.de/konferenz/wiki/INSPIRE:_Umsetzung_mit_Open_Source_Software INSPIRE: Umsetzung mit Open Source Software] (version 0.1)
 
* [[FOSSGIS 2009]] (German) [http://www.fossgis.de/konferenz/wiki/INSPIRE:_Umsetzung_mit_Open_Source_Software INSPIRE: Umsetzung mit Open Source Software] (version 0.1)
 
* [http://www.gdi-de.org/de_neu/download/vortraege/090617_GSDI_Rotterdam_vDoemming.pdf INSPIRE Status Report in Germany] given by Andreas von Dömming at [http://www.gsdi.org GSDI]
 
* [http://www.gdi-de.org/de_neu/download/vortraege/090617_GSDI_Rotterdam_vDoemming.pdf INSPIRE Status Report in Germany] given by Andreas von Dömming at [http://www.gsdi.org GSDI]
 
* [http://www.justobjects.nl/jo/assets/presentation/bolsena-2010-inspire/index.html Implementing INSPIRE with Free and Open Source for Geo] given by [[Just_van_den_Broecke]] at [[Bolsena_Code_Sprint_2010]]
 
* [http://www.justobjects.nl/jo/assets/presentation/bolsena-2010-inspire/index.html Implementing INSPIRE with Free and Open Source for Geo] given by [[Just_van_den_Broecke]] at [[Bolsena_Code_Sprint_2010]]
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* [[INSPIRE conference 2013]]
  
== Use Cases ==
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=== Use Cases ===
 
* [http://www.prtr.bund.de German Pollutant Release and Transfer Register] Web application and OSGeo SDI for public use with [[OpenStreetMap]] data.
 
* [http://www.prtr.bund.de German Pollutant Release and Transfer Register] Web application and OSGeo SDI for public use with [[OpenStreetMap]] data.
 
* [http://www.nationaalgeoregister.nl Dutch National Geo Register] INSPIRE-compliant metadata server implemented with [[GeoNetwork]]
 
* [http://www.nationaalgeoregister.nl Dutch National Geo Register] INSPIRE-compliant metadata server implemented with [[GeoNetwork]]
 
* [http://www.geocat.ch The Swiss Geographic Catalogue] INSPIRE-compliant metadata server implemented with [[GeoNetwork]]
 
* [http://www.geocat.ch The Swiss Geographic Catalogue] INSPIRE-compliant metadata server implemented with [[GeoNetwork]]
  
 
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=== See also ===
== Conference ==
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* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xew6qI-6wNk What is the INSPIRE Directive?] (Video)
* [[INSPIRE conference 2013]]
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* [[2016 Topic Talk - become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo|Topic Talk 'Become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo (FOSS4G 2016)]]
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== See also ==
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* [[FOSS SDIC]]
 
* [[FOSS SDIC]]
 
* [[Geospatial Integration Showcase]]. This showcase aims to be an easily deployable testbed of inter-operable software and should provide a good basis for testing an INSPIRE stack. This showcase is initially targeting FOSS4G in October 2009.
 
* [[Geospatial Integration Showcase]]. This showcase aims to be an easily deployable testbed of inter-operable software and should provide a good basis for testing an INSPIRE stack. This showcase is initially targeting FOSS4G in October 2009.

Latest revision as of 00:47, 10 July 2017

Join the INSPIRE Mailing list.

Introduction

INSPIRE (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe) is an initiative launched by the European Commission and developed in collaboration with the EU Member States and accession countries. It aims at making available relevant, harmonized and qualitative geographic information in the domain of environmental applications to support formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Community policies with a territorial dimension or impact. INSPIRE intends to trigger the creation of a European spatial data infrastructure (SDI) that delivers to the users integrated spatial information services linked to common standards and protocols. The INSPIRE Directive came into force on 15 May 2007 and will be implemented in various stages, with full implementation required by 2021.

The INSPIRE geoportal provides the means to search for spatial data sets and spatial data services, and subject to access restrictions, to view spatial data sets from the EU Member States within the framework of the INSPIRE Directive.[1]

Scope

Datasets in scope of INSPIRE are ones which come under one or more of INSPIRE themes.[2] The INSPIRE Directive defines 34 spatial data themes needed for environmental applications, grouped in 3 Annexes. The themes and links to more information are listed on the INSPIRE website

The INSPIRE Components

According to the INSPIRE Directive, View and Download services should be set up for the data which is within scope and metadata should be provided. Furthermore, data needs to comply with the INSPIRE data schemes and monitoring, testing and validation of the data, metadata and services should be executed.

There are thus five INSPIRE major components:

  1. Network Services.
    • View Services. Digital maps served through WMS 1.3 / ISO 19128. This makes it possible, as a minimum, to display, navigate, zoom in/out, pan, or overlay viewable spatial data sets and to display legend information;
    • Download Services. Digital data served through WFS 2.0 / ISO 19142 or download packages This enables copies of spatial data sets, or parts of such sets, to be downloaded and, where practicable, accessed directly;
    • Discovery Services. Catalog Services making it possible to search for spatial data sets and services on the basis of the content of the corresponding metadata and to display the content of the metadata
    • Transformation Services.
  2. Metadata.
  3. Data Specification. The harmonization of data that is needed to enable cross-country data sharing.
  4. Reporting and Monitoring.
  5. Data and Service Sharing. Licenses, copyright, all the fun stuff that prevents us from using data in our software.

A complete set of INSPIRE tools and resources is available in the INSPIRE Toolkit section.

OSGeo's involvement

Many OSGeo projects are already tied into processes and the emerging INSPIRE architecture. A formal meeting of OSGeo representatives with people (from JRC) involved in INSPIRE was planned for the end of 2008 but never happened. In 2010, JRC and OSGeo joined forces to make an Open Source Mash-up at the INSPIRE conference possible. During FOSS4G conferences in 2016 and 2017 topic talks were co-organized by JRC to involve the join together the INSPIRE an OSGeo communities (Topic Talk 'Become INSPIRE'd by OSGeo (FOSS4G 2016), Topic Talk - OSGeo-Live for INSPIRE (FOSS4G 2017))

What is available and what is missing?

How good does Open Source GIS software fit into the INSPIRE picture? Can it be used as a software stack to build INSPIRE SDI's?

The current OSGeo-Live applications include Open Source software that is needed to implement the different INSPIRE components. In this regard, providing an INSPIRE-flavoured version of the OSGeo-Live environment could be useful to provide European data providers with some of the technological means to help them meet INSPIRE’s legal obligations. This way, both the open source and INSPIRE communities may reinforce each other. As a starting point, the INSPIRE tools inventory wiki page gives an overview of the available OSGeo-Live applications useful in the realm of INSPIRE, is given. The tools are grouped according to the INSPIRE-related tasks they support. Furthermore, the applications currently missing to meet the INSPIRE obligations and the on-going projects are also mentioned on theINSPIRE tools inventory page.

Everybody who wants to contribute to this or wants to collaborate on creating an INSPIRE-flavoured OSGeoLive environment is invited to join the INSPIRE Mailing list and keep the INSPIRE tools inventory wiki page updated.

From the data providers' perspective, the INSPIRE data experiments wiki page will describe example use cases that demonstrate the creation of INSPIRE compliant data through OSGeo software.

Background information

Presentations and conferences

Use Cases

See also

Blogosphere
OSGeo INSPIRE Initiatives
  • http://inspire-geoportal.ec.europa.eu/
  • http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/data-specifications/2892