GeoForAll UrbanScience CityAnalytics
Welcome to "Geo for All" Urban Science and City Analytics: 'CitySmart/SmartCity'
- Chairs: Chris Pettit (Australia) and Patrick Hogan (USA)
- Those interested in being part of this theme, please go to the maillist url at http://lists.osgeo.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/geoforall-urbanscience and subscribe so you can participate. We look forward for your participation in our Urban Science and City Analytics research. All members can use the maillist to collaborate . All ideas are welcome.
- All participants should support the 'Open Cities Guiding Principles.' (Thanks to Cameron Shorter for this.)
Open Cities - Guiding Principles (need a reference for this please)
- All material created is made available for all under an Open License
- All material is carefully designed (API-centric modular componentry) so that it can be built upon by others
- All participants aim to reuse, extend and invent material (in that order)
Note that it is eventually desirable to maintain one core platform architected with an open API for functionalities (menu system), than to have competing platforms. But before we get to that rarefied 'Linux' place, we will benefit from collegial and healthy competition, with the best features of each ending up in the collective's decision for the core platform finale.
Who's Who Here?
Please let us know of your interest to participate by adding yourself to this list.
- Chris Pettit, University of Melbourne, https://www.linkedin.com/pub/chris-pettit/16/190/4B0
- Coordinate the implementation of eResearch tools to support urban researchers across Australia under the auspices of the Australian Urban Research Infrastructure Network (AURIN).
- Charlie Schweik and Alexander (Sasha) Stepanov, http://eco.umass.edu/people/faculty/schweik-charles-m/
- University of Massachusetts Amherst. Trying to build educational service learning opportunities for students on advanced GIS using our campus as a "testbed."
- Tom Mueller, California University of Pennsylvania, http://www.calu.edu/academics/faculty/thomas-mueller.aspx
- Similar to Charlie, I want to build educational exercises and service learning opportunities for my students.
- Jim Miller, University of Kansas, Computer Science, http://people.eecs.ku.edu/~miller/
- Using NASA World Wind for several open source geo-visualization efforts, including Lidar and multivariate scalar and vector field visualization.
- Brandt Melick, Information Technology Department Director, Springfield Oregon USA, https://www.linkedin.com/pub/brandt-melick/22/869/261
- Manage IT and GIS in support of community development, involving public works, and fire and life safety. Coordinate NSDI exchanges of cadastral, elevation and environmental information between local, state and federal agencies in the Pacific Northwest.
- Ant Beck, University of Nottingham Research Fellow, https://www.linkedin.com/in/antbeck
- Currently transitioning into CityAnalytics looking at city wide entropy based energy management simulations. Have aspirations for an open, big data environment.
- Phillip Davis, GeoAcademy, https://www.linkedin.com/pub/phillip-davis/9/59/b7b
- The GeoAcademy is using QGIS 2.8 to provide Massively Open Online Courses through the Canvas Network to students around the globe for free. We currently enroll over 4,000 students in our March 2015 cohort.
- Patrick Hogan, NASA World Wind Project Manager, https://www.linkedin.com/in/phogan
- Building open source virtual globe technology meant to stimulate innovative solutions managing geospatial data, whether open or proprietary.
- Antoni Perez-Navarro, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, https://www.linkedin.com/in/antonipereznavarro
- Currently working on indoor positioning systems. Previously developed the Context Aware Recommender System.
- Giuseppe Conti, https://www.linkedin.com/in/gconti
- Trilogis Srl, Italy. Working on the open standard for indoor/outdoor interoperable location services (http://www.i-locate.eu/) involving multiple cities, hospitals, museums, etc.
- Evangelos Mitsakis, https://www.linkedin.com/pub/evangelos-mitsakis/6/62/938
- Centre for Research and Technology Hellas - Hellenic Institute of Transport, Greece. Working on climate change adaptation, urban resilience and smart cities, focusing on intelligent transport and mobility.
- Gábor Remetey, Secretary-general, Hungarian Association for Geo-information (HUNAGI), https://www.linkedin.com/in/remetey
- Strategic planning, implementation and consultancy in geospatial IT, and building contacts at the domestic, regional and global levels for Hungarian GIS and the Earth Observation community.
- Maria A Brovelli, Politecnico di Milano, http://www.ege-como.polimi.it/index.php?content=maria_brovelli
- Xinyue Ye, Computational Social Science Lab, Kent State University, http://www.xinyueye.com/
- My research focus is open source space-time analysis method development and its socio-economic application, especially on economic inequality, urban development, crime, and social media.
- Andrew Hunter, GIScience Group, University of Calgary, http://gisciencegroup.ucalgary.ca
- Teach GIS, Land Use Planning and Cadastral Studies. Research focuses on the development of interoperable (open source) frameworks for land use planning, land development, and geospatial approaches for enhancing community engagement.
- Hande Demirel, Geomatics Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, http://faculty.itu.edu.tr/demirelha/
- Lecturer for undergraduate and graduate students on spatial information systems. Research focus is spatial data acquisition, modelling spatial data, intelligent transportation and impact analysis for smart cities.
- Lucy Bastin, University of Aston http://www.aston.ac.uk/eas/staff/a-z/dr-lucy-bastin/ and Joint Research Centre of the European Commission http://dopa.jrc.ec.europa.eu/content/contacts
- Focus: quality issues with geospatial data and VGI, e.g., making best use of cheap, plentiful but variable sensors such as weather stations for urban decision making on, e.g., dynamic routing of gritting trucks. I work on interoperable solutions for communicating data quality , e.g., UncertML and the OGC SWG on user feedback.
- GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation, Arizona State University, https://geodacenter.asu.edu/
- Applications of free and open-source spatial analytics and decision support systems to urban modeling and scenario planning (but who at GeoDa do we contact?).
- Sven Schade, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/).
- I am a geospatial information scientist working on knowledge extraction from (big) data by using geospatial analytics capabilities, multi-disciplinary interoperability, and open innovation. How can we make data from public, commercial and private sources usable for social good?
- Bob Basques, City of Saint Paul, Mn. USA (http://gis.ci.stpaul.mn.us).
- My background is in Spatial Information Management for the City of Saint Paul, Public Works, with just under 300,000 residents. Providing access to hundreds of spatial layers, originating from the City, the Metro Region, County, State, and Federal sources to both public and internal users. Big Open Source proponent and developer.
- Tuong-Thuy Vu, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, Malaysia campus (http://www.nottingham.edu.my/geography).
- Big geospatial data analytics with applications to urban environment
- Helena Mitasova, North Carolina State University, Center for Geospatial Analytics, OSGeo REL http://geospatial.ncsu.edu/osgeorel/
- Geospatial modeling and visualization for GRASS GIS, simulation of urban growth - incorporation of FUTURES model into GRASS GIS, Tangible landscape: collaborative modeling environment using interactive 3D printed or molded physical models
- The City of Raleigh strives to become a worldwide model for an open source city http://www.raleighnc.gov/open/
- Jeffrey Johnson, Independent Consultant, World Bank GFDRR
- Geospatial Modeling for Disaster Risk Management
- Serena Coetzee, Centre for Geoinformation Science, University of Pretora, South Africa (http://www.up.ac.za/cgis) and Chris Wray, Gauteng City Region Observatory (GCRO), South Africa, (http://www.gcro.ac.za)
- Open (big) geospatial data in the context of geovisual analytics for smart city planning
- Dimitris Kotzinos, ETIS Lab, University of Cergy Pontoise, France (http://www-etis.ensea.fr)
- Trajectory mining, data semantics and integration of city data, data analytics with application to urban and domestic environments, personal data management
Global Drivers for OSGEO Solutions
- EC Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community, INSPIRE, http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/
- US National Spatial Data Infrastructure, NSDI, http://www.fgdc.gov/nsdi/nsdi.html
- United Nations Spatial Data Infrastructure, UNSDI http://www.ungiwg.org/content/united-nations-spatial-data-infrastructure-unsdi
- UNSDI Visualization for UN Member State briefing http://worldwind.arc.nasa.gov/videos/other/final_visualization_facility.avi
- UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG): http://citiscope.org/story/2014/comparing-mdgs-and-sdgs#SDGs
- UN “Urban Goal” (SDG #11): Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, http://citiscope.org/story/2014/comparing-mdgs-and-sdgs#No11
- The Brookings Institution: Why we need to think about implementing the Sustainable Development Goals
- Open Transit Indicators Enable Cities to Design Better Transit Systems
Key Research Questions
- 1. How can we transform existing cities or create new cities that are sustainable, productive and resilient?
- Easy, we work together as one species to solve common problems.
- 2. What is the role and opportunity for big data (and small) in the area of analytics, science and visualisation for shaping our cities?
- The data simply awaits our gracious intelligence to do good things with, not for profit, but 'for the benefit of all' per NASA's motto, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NASA
- 3. How can we empower citizens, community groups, planners, policy and decision-makers to work cohesively in solving the problems our cities face such that they successfully engage in a sustainable urban future?
- By making this Road Map a reality, all cities will have something they need yet also own.
- This also gives them a way to share back the solutions they discover 'for the benefit of all.'
CitySmart/SmartCity Road Map: 'First Life'
- We consider a dual approach, i.e. complementing a technology push ("People of city X, come and see what a nice open solution we developed for you!"), with an application pull ("Urban Science and City Analytics experts, we have a serious problem, can you help us?").
- We owe this 'first cut' for our CitySmart app to OGC's "Smart Cities Spatial Information Framework"
- We also heap a world of praise upon Brandt Melick, Information Technology Department Director, Springfield Oregon USA for putting this CitySmart app idea into action! We need to help more cities step forward like this, lead by example! This directly supports both the European INSPIRE Directive, the US NSDI Executive Order and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
- 'CitySmart/SmartCity' App Themes/Data-type (feel free to expand):
- INSPIRE Data Specifications, http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/index.cfm/pageid/2/list/7
- Urban Planning, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_planning
- Intelligent Transportation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligent_transportation_system
- Health & Medical Services, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_care
- Public Safety & Emergency Services, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_service
- Environmental Protection, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_protection
- Intelligent Buildings, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Building_automation
- Utilities: Smart Grid, Smart Water, Sanitation, etc., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_grid
- Location-Based Services, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Location-based_service
- Indoor Positioning System (added by Antoni Perez Navarro), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indoor_positioning_system
- Context-aware Recommender Systems (added by Antoni Perez Navarro), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recommender_system
- Data sharing – Municipalities need to be able to share information with site developers, site constraint specialists (environmental scientists, planners and engineers), utility service providers and regulators. The following information is requested on a regular basis for a wide variety of location-based solutions, namely (ESRI products, Autodesk products and MSFT Office products such as Excel, Access, etc.). These data sets most often include:
- INSPIRE Data Models, http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/index.cfm/pageid/2/list/datamodels
- Imagery (3-inch pixel is preferred, 1 foot pixel is less preferred, 1 meter is getting much less preferred)
- Cadastral Information (parcel polygons, Rights of Way (ROW), property ownership, assessment and taxation information and property class)
- Address Information (house number, street name, City, zip, site location (coordinates) and zoning information)
- Jurisdictional boundaries (incorporated areas, city limits, county boundaries, etc.), urban growth boundaries, public safety response areas
- Elevation Information: DEM’s (raster), DTM’s (vector), contours and spot elevation points, as well as mass points and break lines
- Waterways and protected areas: wetlands, fish-bearing streams, endangered species habitat, well-head protection zones, etc.
- Facilities a.k.a. utilities: waste-water, storm-water, transportation systems, power, drinking water, etc. who owns the facility, who maintains the facility, etc.
- Structures/facilities: bridges, building foot prints, complexes, monuments, etc.
- Documents: reference material, procedures, regulations, metadata, etc.
- Lidar, everyone wants it, yet few understand how to put Lidar to good use. The City of Springfield is spoiled with 8 points per meter, and they know what to do with it. Though they still want for better tools to work with it (i.e., our CitySmart app).
- Technical Challenges - there are many, here are just a few: raw data made useable, data dating, accurate georeference conversion, unit conversion (metric to standard), data storage, data security, firewalls, standardized metadata, etc.
- Yet to be discussed:
- Legal challenges e.g. investigating and suggesting the required framework to preserve privacy, ensure equity (equality in access to data and computing capacities), protect IPR and copyrights.
- Economic challenges e.g. creating sustainable Research Infrastructures (RI) for the public and private sector, investigate possibilities for Public Private Partnerships (PPP).
- Social challenges e.g. fostering public engagement in Big Data (theory, i.e. participation in related debates, and practice, i.e. data gathering and analysis).
Any serious roadmap on urban science should certainly consider the social dimension. In this respect, we would need a subsequent actions such as:
- Identify the intended direct beneficiaries (aka users, customers, consumers) - instead of focusing on producers of data, infrastructures, software and services. Possible beneficiaries might be: urban planners, scientists/academia, city councils and majors, citizen, young people (pupil and students), etc. While these intended audiences might partially overlap, all might have different needs and need a different approach for participation.
- Identify and get into contact with some representatives of the intended target group, e.g. with champions in digital social innovation and open minded individuals, or via associations that are directly connected to these communities, such as citizen associations.
- Engaging with these people in order to identify their real needs for city analytics, in order to first of all get their requirements, but also to co-develop products, get direct feedback (e.g. be including them in review panels for the NASA WW Challenge), etc.
- Expand from few collaborations into a wider network in which solutions are replicated or adopted for one city after the other - each time customized to the individual needs.
- Use-Case: Urban Planning and Site Review – Municipalities need to evaluate the impact of proposed development activity, on existing development and on the natural environment. This typically includes estimating how much cut and fill is proposed, how proposed land alteration impacts surface drainage, how proposed structures will connect to city services (waste-water, storm-water, drinking-water, power, etc.), how steep the roads will be (slope for fire trucks), and proximity to wetlands and other protected waters of the state. These data most often include:
- Imagery, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite_imagery
- Cadastral, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadastre
- Elevation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_elevation_model
- Facilities (structures and utilities)
- Waterways and Flood Maps
Technologies Available In Our Network
- NASA World Wind (Java, iOS and Android, Web version on its way), http://goworldwind.org/
- GeoMoose, http://geomoose.org/
- QGIS, http://www.qgis.org/
- i-Locate, http://i-locate.eu/
- Open Transit Indicators Enable Cities to Design Better Transit Systems
- Australia Urban Intelligence Network, AURIN Portal and workbench, http://osgeolab.unimelb.edu.au/
- Arizona State University (ASU) GeoDa, https://geodacenter.asu.edu/software
- The GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation develops state-of-the-art methods for geospatial analysis, geovisualization, geosimulation, and spatial process modeling, implements them through open source software tools and applies them to policy-relevant research in the social and environmental sciences.
- GRASS GIS, http://grass.osgeo.org
- Multitemporal, full 3D GIS research platform with many processing, analytical, modeling and visualization tools relevant to Urban Science and city analytics (lidar-based models, solar energy, viewsheds, networks, water resources, full 3D visualization with animations and many others in the core package, with additional tools, including civil engineering design in add-ons)
- Netherlands Coordination Office, United Nations Spatial Data Infrastructure (UNSDI) http://www.unsdi.nl/
- GeoAcademy (Phil Davis), http://discoverspatial.com/
- University of Massachusetts at Amherst, http://eco.umass.edu/people/faculty/schweik-charles-m/
- IBM Smarter Cities, http://www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/smarter_cities/overview/
- UBM Future Cities, http://www.ubmfuturecities.com/author.asp?section_id=234&doc_id=526334&?_mc=MP_IW_EDT_STUB
- Aalborg University Copenhagen, Sustainable Cities Master Programme, http://sustainablecities.aau.dk/
- Imperial College London, Intel Collaborative Research Institute (ICRI) for Sustainable Connected Cites, http://www.cities.io/guiding-principles/
- ISET Building Urban Resilience to Climate Change, http://i-s-e-t.org/resources/working-papers/building-resilience.html
- 100 Resilient Cities Challenge, http://www.100resilientcities.org/pages/100-resilient-cities-challenge
- Global Resilience Partnership Seeks New Ideas on Resilience in Africa, Southeast Asia
- GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis, https://geodacenter.asu.edu/
- Australia Urban Intelligence Network, AURIN, http://aurin.org.au/
- Arizona State University (ASU) GeoDa, https://geodacenter.asu.edu/software
- HAROSA Knowledge Community (HAROSA KC), http://dpcs.uoc.edu/joomla/index.php/about-harosa-kc
- Politecnico di Milano, GEO Lab (Geomatics and Earth Observations) http://geomatica.como.polimi.it/index.php?lang=en
- An international network of research groups promoting and developing collaborative e-research on new Hybrid Algorithms for solving Realistic rOuting, Scheduling and system reliability/Availability problems.
CitySmart/SmartCity Road Map: 'The Challenge'
Develop a Road Map, the Requirements doc, essentially the 'specs' for what this Urban Science - City Analytics, CitySmart app looks like. Some basic requirements:
- 3D Virtual Globe interchangeable or simultaneous with 2D Map along with Projection Choices
- Imagery & Elevation Import
- Extensible Architecture (Modular Componentry)
- Data Retrieval via REST, WMS, WCS, WFS, GML, User-Deﬁned
- OSM Placenames, Boundaries and Roads
- Picking and Decluttering
- Shapeﬁle and KML Import
- Measurement Tools
- Flooding and Line-of-Sight Calculation
- Subsurface Visualization
- Shapes: Placemarks, Path, Polygon, Extruded Polygon, Custom, HTML5-able Balloons
- Volumes (& Shapes), follow terrain or maintain constant elevation above terrain while moving
The Road Map will likely be based on information in the 'framework' documents mentioned above in the Road Map section:
This Road Map needs to allow for some early successes so we can get buy-in from 'real' municipalities to work with us and thereby keep value-added precisely on target. After the Road Map, then what? Then we challenge Earth's FOSSy development community to provide their solution in response to the Road Map. 'Twoud be fine if we could gather a nice award package for that.
After we (the OSGEO community) evaluate these ‘solutions,’ some will be asked to mashup until in the end we have one OSGEO/FOSS4G/GeoForAll CitySmart app. This app will have an open API for the menu system, for drag-n-drop of functionalities. This will allow each city to tailor the CitySmart app for their specific use. This will also allow the world community to continually optimize old functionalities and design new ones, whether proprietary or FOSSy.
Who Will Do This?
Whoever wants to! We ask academic and other organizations to first help us with the Road Map (the Requirements doc), such as those listed as Potential Partners, http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/GeoForAll_UrbanScience_CityAnalytics#Potential_Partners. All are welcome!
Why Do This?
Because we can! And more importantly, because there is a world full of urban management need, much of which is identical no matter what urban location we are in. For a little encouragement, how about a NASA crystal bull for the best Road Map, just like for the Europa Challenge, http://eurochallenge.como.polimi.it/, and of course NASA T-shirts. We need YOU (whoever you are) to design the requirements doc for the Urban Science - City Analytics, a CitySmart app.
We need this Road Map to guide us! And we need it before work on the CitySmart app begins, so it can begin well. If your Road Map wins, you get the crystal bull, after you mash-up the best from what's in the ‘other’ Road Maps. We will ask the Region and Theme Chairs to do the voting, http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/GeoForAll. Or if you are that good, just build it and be a lighthouse guiding our future.
Road Map Done, Then What?
The next challenge, the CitySmart App Challenge, will be for any and all comers to build an app according to the Road Map, one that will put a fresh smile on the face of many municipalities around the world! And something a whole planet can share, so all may reap the benefits of a life in a smarter city. The City of Springfield Oregon has already shown us the way forward, http://www.nsdinow.org/SDI_Now_02/Technical_Support.html. Are we ready?
- Future Cities, UK Ordnance Survey
- Climate Adaptation Guidebook for Municipalities
- How Cities Can Battle Climate Change with Resiliency Planning
- ISET Working Paper 3: Planning for Urban Climate Resilience
- USA Federal Policies to Build Climate-Resilient Coastal Regions, Lessons from Hurricane Sandy
- Resilience: A Bridging Concept or a Dead End? http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14649357.2012.677124
- “Reframing” Resilience: Challenges for Planning Theory and Practice
- Interacting Traps: Resilience Assessment of a Pasture Management System in Northern Afghanistan
- Urban Resilience: What Does it Mean in Planning Practice?
- Resilience as a Useful Concept for Climate Change Adaptation?
- The Politics of Resilience for Planning: A Cautionary Note
- Managing Aging City Infrastructure:
- Wow! A rural town in Italy >100% sustainable energy:
- Sustainable background info:
- Sustainable City, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_city
- Sustainable Energy, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_energy
- Sustainable Transport, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_transport
- Sustainable Living, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_living
- Urban Agriculture, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_agriculture
- Urban Farming
- Growing Cities, http://www.yesmagazine.org/planet/growing-cities
- World’s Largest Urban Farm, http://www.yesmagazine.org/peace-justice/detroit-community-gardeners-question-hantz-urban-farm
- Growing Home, http://www.yesmagazine.org/new-economy/growing-home-urban-agriculture-in-chicago
- Breaking Through Concrete, http://www.yesmagazine.org/planet/growing-through-concrete-an-urban-farming-roadtrip
- Growing Power Despite an Urban 'Food' Desert, http://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/food-for-everyone/growing-power-in-an-urban-food-desert
- Local Grocery
- Open Source Ecology, Do-It-Yourself Industrial Equipment
- Digital Earth | Virtual Nations | Data Cities
- Open government, open source city