Difference between revisions of "Open Source GIS History"

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(Update on MOSS codebase being available again.)
 
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In '''XX''' and '''XXI''' century, a series of other desktop and server Open Source GIS projects were started:
 
In '''XX''' and '''XXI''' century, a series of other desktop and server Open Source GIS projects were started:
* geospatial libraries: [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ PROJ.4], [http://www.osgeo.org/geotools Geotools], Geoserver, TerraLib
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* geospatial libraries: [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ PROJ.4], [http://www.osgeo.org/geotools Geotools], Geoserver, TerraLib, [http://trac.osgeo.org/ggl/ Boost.Geometry]
* Desktop GIS: [http://grass.osgeo.org GRASS GIS], SAGA GIS, uDIG, [http://www.osgeo.org/gvsig gvSIG], ILWIS
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* Desktop GIS: [http://grass.osgeo.org GRASS GIS], SAGA GIS, uDIG, [http://www.osgeo.org/gvsig gvSIG],[http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/ILWIS ILWIS]
 
* Web mapping/WebGIS: [http://www.osgeo.org/deegree deegree], [http://www.osgeo.org/mapserver UMN MapServer], [http://www.osgeo.org/mapguide MapGuide Open Source]
 
* Web mapping/WebGIS: [http://www.osgeo.org/deegree deegree], [http://www.osgeo.org/mapserver UMN MapServer], [http://www.osgeo.org/mapguide MapGuide Open Source]
 
* geostatistics software: gstat, R Project for Statistical Computing
 
* geostatistics software: gstat, R Project for Statistical Computing
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=== Timeline ===
 
=== Timeline ===
  
'''1978''' - Map Overlay and Statistical System (MOSS). A pioneer vector-based geographic information system (GIS) developed by the U.S. Department of Interior. MOSS is still available to download (ftp://ftp.blm.gov/pub/gis/). Dr. Carl Reed has written an article about [http://www.scribd.com/doc/4606038/2004-Article-by-Carl-Reed-MOSS-A-Historical-perspective MOSS history].
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'''1978''' - Map Overlay and Statistical System (MOSS). A pioneer vector-based geographic information system (GIS) developed by the U.S. Department of Interior. MOSS used to be available to download (ftp://ftp.blm.gov/pub/gis/) until 2018 ([[MOSS|OSGeo MOSS codebase recovery effort]]). Dr. Carl Reed has written an article about [http://www.scribd.com/doc/4606038/2004-Article-by-Carl-Reed-MOSS-A-Historical-perspective MOSS history]. In September 2020, the OSGeo Board agreed to grant the MOSS project the status of a OSGeo Heritage Project. The source code is currently (2020) available [https://oc.diw.de/index.php/s/cPU3etTB3WjeyJf here] and will be long time preserved by OSGeo in the near future.
  
'''since 1982-today''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/grass GRASS] (Geographical Resources Analysis Support System) is the earliest Open Source GIS which reached production status and supported both raster and vector data. It was originally developed from 1982 to 1995 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, since then by the international GRASS Development Team. Initially published as public domain software, its license was changed to GNU GPL (General Public License, see www.gnu.org) in 1999.
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'''since 1982-today''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/grass GRASS GIS] (Geographical Resources Analysis Support System) is the earliest Open Source GIS which reached production status and supported both raster and vector data. It was originally developed from 1982 to 1995 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, since then by the international GRASS Development Team. Initially published as public domain software, its license was changed to GNU GPL (General Public License, see www.gnu.org) in 1999. Dr. Jim Westerwelt has written an article about the [http://grass.osgeo.org/uploads/grass/history_docs/westervelt2004_GRASS_roots.pdf initial GRASS development history].
  
 
'''1983''' - [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ PROJ4 library] development started. The original proj was developed in the early 1980's as a ratfor (a fortran preprocessor)
 
'''1983''' - [http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/ PROJ4 library] development started. The original proj was developed in the early 1980's as a ratfor (a fortran preprocessor)
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'''1995''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/mapserver UMN MapServer] project started. In '''2002''' MapServer gets Python support.
 
'''1995''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/mapserver UMN MapServer] project started. In '''2002''' MapServer gets Python support.
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'''1995''' - [http://rasdaman.eecs.jacobs-university.de/trac/rasdaman rasdaman] raster data manager project started. In '''2009''' rasdaman was open sourced.
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'''1996''' - [http://geotools.org/ GeoTools] project started at the University of Leads. Superseded by GeoTools Lite (for applets) and in '''2002''' GeoTools 2 (using standards). The GeoTools 2 project was renamed to [http://geotoolsnews.blogspot.com.au/2011/04/geotools-8.html  GeoTools] in '''2011'''.  OSGEO Incubation: '''2006 - [http://www.osgeo.org/node/747 2008]'''
  
 
'''1998''' - [http://deegree.org/ deegree] development started with an OGC Simple Features implementation. The project was renamed from JaGo to deegree in '''2002'''.
 
'''1998''' - [http://deegree.org/ deegree] development started with an OGC Simple Features implementation. The project was renamed from JaGo to deegree in '''2002'''.
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'''2001''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/ossim OSSIM] initial revision in CVS
 
'''2001''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/ossim OSSIM] initial revision in CVS
  
'''2001''' - [http://www.postgis.org PostGIS] started
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'''2001''' - [http://www.postgis.org PostGIS] started. OSGeo Incubation: '''2009-2012'''
  
 
'''2001''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/geonetwork GeoNetwork opensource] started as GeoNetwork, later renamed to GeoNetwork opensource.
 
'''2001''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/geonetwork GeoNetwork opensource] started as GeoNetwork, later renamed to GeoNetwork opensource.
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'''2001''' - [http://geoserver.org/ GeoServer] started in 2001 by "The Open Planning Project". OSGeo incubation: '''2009-present'''
  
 
'''2002''' - Intevation,Gmbh starts [http://thuban.intevation.org Thuban] projects
 
'''2002''' - Intevation,Gmbh starts [http://thuban.intevation.org Thuban] projects
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'''2003''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/gvSIG gvSIG] was started
 
'''2003''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/gvSIG gvSIG] was started
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'''2004''' - [http://udig.refractions.net uDig] was started by Refractions Research.
  
 
'''2005''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/mapguide MapGuide Open Source]
 
'''2005''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/mapguide MapGuide Open Source]
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'''2005''' - [http://www.geomoose.org GeoMoose] project was started. In '''2006''' GeoMoose was open sourced. OSGeo incubation: '''2007-2013'''
  
 
'''2006''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/mapbender Mapbender] gets first bits in CVS
 
'''2006''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/mapbender Mapbender] gets first bits in CVS
  
 
'''2006''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/openlayers OpenLayers] started
 
'''2006''' - [http://www.osgeo.org/openlayers OpenLayers] started
 +
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'''2007''' - [http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/ILWIS ILWIS] became open source
  
 
'''2008''' - [http://grass.osgeo.org GRASS GIS] runs natively also on MS-Windows
 
'''2008''' - [http://grass.osgeo.org GRASS GIS] runs natively also on MS-Windows
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'''2008''' - [http://live.osgeo.org OSGeo-Live] starts, with 100 CDs handed out at FOSS4G 2008, then DVDs handed out to all FOSS4G 2009 delegates.
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'''2009''' - [http://trac.osgeo.org/ggl/ Boost.Geometry] accepted into [http://www.boost.org Boost C++ Libraries]
  
 
== Organizations ==
 
== Organizations ==
  
'''1992:''' "Open GRASS Foundation" (OGF)
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'''1992:''' "Open GRASS Foundation" (OGF, see [http://tldp.org/HOWTO/GIS-GRASS/history.html here] and [http://grass.osgeo.org/gdp/grassclippings/grassclippings93_7_2_gardels_ogc.pdf here])
  
 
'''1994:''' OGF was re-structured as the Open Geospatial Consortium ([http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/historylong OGC])
 
'''1994:''' OGF was re-structured as the Open Geospatial Consortium ([http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/historylong OGC])
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* [[History|OSGeo Foundation History]]
 
* [[History|OSGeo Foundation History]]
 
* Software projects:
 
* Software projects:
** GRASS GIS History: http://grass.osgeo.org/devel/grasshist.html
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** GRASS GIS History: http://grass.osgeo.org/home/history/
 
** PostGIS History: http://www.refractions.net/products/postgis/history/
 
** PostGIS History: http://www.refractions.net/products/postgis/history/
 
** JTS / GEOS History: http://lin-ear-th-inking.blogspot.com/2007/06/history-of-jts-and-geos.html
 
** JTS / GEOS History: http://lin-ear-th-inking.blogspot.com/2007/06/history-of-jts-and-geos.html
 
** MapServer History: http://trac.osgeo.org/mapserver/wiki/MapServerHistory
 
** MapServer History: http://trac.osgeo.org/mapserver/wiki/MapServerHistory
 +
** GeoTools History: http://docs.codehaus.org/display/GEOTOOLS/History History
 +
** GeoServer History: http://docs.geoserver.org/latest/en/user/introduction/history.html
 +
  
 
[[Category: History]]
 
[[Category: History]]
 
=== Other Resources ===
 
 
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* [http://www.peliculas-online-gratis.com Peliculas Gratis]
 
* [http://www.traductor-google.com Traductor de Google]
 
* [http://www.googleearthgratis.com Google Earth]
 
* [http://www.financial-planning-guide.net Financial Planning]
 
* [http://www.0-credit-cards.net 0 Credit Cards]
 
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* [http://www.ganadinero.co.uk Gane Dinero]
 
* [http://descargarmessengergratis.blogspot.com Descargar Messenger Gratis]
 
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Latest revision as of 05:59, 9 October 2020

Software projects

In XX and XXI century, a series of other desktop and server Open Source GIS projects were started:

Timeline

1978 - Map Overlay and Statistical System (MOSS). A pioneer vector-based geographic information system (GIS) developed by the U.S. Department of Interior. MOSS used to be available to download (ftp://ftp.blm.gov/pub/gis/) until 2018 (OSGeo MOSS codebase recovery effort). Dr. Carl Reed has written an article about MOSS history. In September 2020, the OSGeo Board agreed to grant the MOSS project the status of a OSGeo Heritage Project. The source code is currently (2020) available here and will be long time preserved by OSGeo in the near future.

since 1982-today - GRASS GIS (Geographical Resources Analysis Support System) is the earliest Open Source GIS which reached production status and supported both raster and vector data. It was originally developed from 1982 to 1995 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, since then by the international GRASS Development Team. Initially published as public domain software, its license was changed to GNU GPL (General Public License, see www.gnu.org) in 1999. Dr. Jim Westerwelt has written an article about the initial GRASS development history.

1983 - PROJ4 library development started. The original proj was developed in the early 1980's as a ratfor (a fortran preprocessor) program (Evenden, 1983) with much of the code derived from the Geological Survey’s General Cartographic Transformation Package (gctp) (superceded by a more portable Version II by Elassal, 1987). Program proj was recoded in the C language when the mapgen package (Evenden and Botbol, 1985), of which proj is an integral part, was transfered to the Unix operating system. (References refer to [1])

1995 - UMN MapServer project started. In 2002 MapServer gets Python support.

1995 - rasdaman raster data manager project started. In 2009 rasdaman was open sourced.

1996 - GeoTools project started at the University of Leads. Superseded by GeoTools Lite (for applets) and in 2002 GeoTools 2 (using standards). The GeoTools 2 project was renamed to GeoTools in 2011. OSGEO Incubation: 2006 - 2008

1998 - deegree development started with an OGC Simple Features implementation. The project was renamed from JaGo to deegree in 2002.

1998 - GDAL/OGR development started. Python support was added in 2000.

1999 - GRASS GIS source code moved from manual management into CVS

2000 - Atlantis Scientific launched OpenEV project

2000 - JTS Topology Suite project was initiated in Fall 2000. JTS 1.0 was released in February 2002 and version 1.1 in March 2002.

2001 - OSSIM initial revision in CVS

2001 - PostGIS started. OSGeo Incubation: 2009-2012

2001 - GeoNetwork opensource started as GeoNetwork, later renamed to GeoNetwork opensource.

2001 - GeoServer started in 2001 by "The Open Planning Project". OSGeo incubation: 2009-present

2002 - Intevation,Gmbh starts Thuban projects

2002 - Quantum GIS initial revision in CVS

2002 - GEOS initial revision in CVS

2002 - AVPython for ArcView 3.x published as FOSS

2003 - Community MapBuilder started . The end of life of MapBuilder project was officially announced on 28 July 2008. ref

2003 - Release of Mapbender under the GNU GPL license

2003 - gvSIG was started

2004 - uDig was started by Refractions Research.

2005 - MapGuide Open Source

2005 - GeoMoose project was started. In 2006 GeoMoose was open sourced. OSGeo incubation: 2007-2013

2006 - Mapbender gets first bits in CVS

2006 - OpenLayers started

2007 - ILWIS became open source

2008 - GRASS GIS runs natively also on MS-Windows

2008 - OSGeo-Live starts, with 100 CDs handed out at FOSS4G 2008, then DVDs handed out to all FOSS4G 2009 delegates.

2009 - Boost.Geometry accepted into Boost C++ Libraries

Organizations

1992: "Open GRASS Foundation" (OGF, see here and here)

1994: OGF was re-structured as the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)

2006: Open Source Geospatial Foundation (http://www.osgeo.org) established whose mission is to support and promote the collaborative development of open geospatial technologies, data and educational material.

See also